RVA - Risk and Vulnerability Assessment

RVA – Risk and Vulnerability Assessment is the beginning of any reflection of local and regional authorities on the impact of climate change in the observed geographical area, on existing assets and residents of the area. During the preparation of the Vulnerability and Risk Assessment, a working team is formed consisting of Sensum experts in the field of climate change and local stakeholders, depending on the sector being analyzed.

Sectors such as agriculture, health, water supply, tourism, fisheries and the coastal zone are most often analyzed, and their number is determined depending on the priorities and needs of the observed area. This document defines risk in three components, which interact with each other as: a) dangerous event b) vulnerability, which includes sensitivity and adaptive capacity and exposure. At the same time, climate change risk classes range from: very low, low, medium, high and very high.

Our experts have led teams in making more Vulnerability and Risk Assessments in cities and municipalities in Istria, the Littoral and on the Dalmatian islands, and we will be happy to share some of the most interesting facts with you.

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The Climate Risk and Vulnerability Assessment (CRVA) represents Study which addressed (i) which climate parameters are critical to infrastructure performance and durability, (ii) how these climate parameters are projected to change in future decades, (iii) if existing assets are already being affected by increasing climate variability and extremes, (iv) if non-climate factors aggravate or mitigate the impact of climate change, (v) the vulnerability of the proposed infrastructure, (vi) what measures could be adopted during the assessments and decisions, and (vii) what modification to the Environmental Assessment and Review Framework is necessary for processing additional subprojects.

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Akcijski plan energetski održivog razvitka

SECAP - Sustainable Energy and Climate Action Plan

Sustainable Energy and Climate Action Plan is a successor to the so-called SEAP or the Energy Sustainable Development Action Plan, but unlike it, in addition to the part related to climate change mitigation, it additionally integrates the domain of adaptation to climate change. Based on the collected data on the current situation, mostly energy consumption in different sectors, and their analysis resulting in the development of a baseline emission scenario, energy efficiency activities, use of renewable energy sources and environmentally friendly fuels are identified and defined, which will result in CO2 reduction. at least 40% by 2030, with an emphasis on building and transport.

The domain of adaptation to climate change also implies the definition of appropriate measures for different sectors, which in turn are based on the conducted RVA analysis of vulnerability and risk, which provides important input parameters for defining adaptation measures and is an integral part of SECAP.

Our experts have led teams in developing several Sustainable Energy Development and Climate Change Action Plans (SECAPs) in cities and municipalities in Istria, the Littoral and the Dalmatian islands, and we will be happy to share some of the most interesting facts with you.

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Back in 2008, an important European Union initiative called the Covenant of Mayors (CoM) was launched, aimed at actively and voluntarily involving local and regional government in implementing the EU’s energy and climate goals. In 2020, the initiative has a total of 10,385 signatories in 61 countries. Croatia is part of that framework with 88 signatories. The signatories of the Covenant of Mayors voluntarily commit to activities in achieving the EU goal of reducing greenhouse gas emissions by at least 40% by 2030, raising resilience to the negative effects of climate change and combating energy poverty. The key document by which the signatory sets guidelines and defines concrete measures and projects to achieve these goals is the Sustainable Energy and Climate Action Plan (SECAP). The signatory undertakes to submit the said document to the system of the Covenant of Mayors within two years from its adoption at the local / regional level.

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Carbon Footprint

The transition to a low-carbon economy is one of the key EU policies.

This started the growing interest in estimating the amount of greenhouse gases produced / emitted during the various phases of the so-called. Life-cycle assessment (LCA) of goods or services, ie during production, processing, transport / distribution, sale, use and finally disposal.

The result of such an assessment is called a carbon footprint and is the first step in identifying effective measures to reduce emissions. The benefits of calculating the carbon footprint of a product are reflected in improving the process and reducing costs, as well as in branding the product and better positioning it in the relevant market.

In light of climate change, green and climate-sustainable transformation is undergoing by the organizations themselves who also see a number of benefits from calculating their carbon footprint. In relation to the carbon footprint of the product, where the life cycle is observed, the emphasis here is mainly only on the processes that are directly influenced by the organization.

Our experts have participated in the evaluations of several development projects on this and similar topics, and we will be happy to share some of the most interesting facts with you.

FOR THOSE WHO WANT TO KNOW MORE

In light of climate change, green and climate-sustainable transformation is undergoing by the organizations themselves who also see a number of benefits from calculating their carbon footprint. In relation to the carbon footprint of the product, where the life cycle is observed, the emphasis here is mainly only on the processes that are directly influenced by the organization.

It is also worth mentioning the climate-conscious transformation of society, within which more and more attention is paid to the impact of everyday life of citizens on climate change, and in that sense, special carbon footprint calculators are being developed. These primarily include the domain of energy consumption, food consumption, transportation and housing. In some countries, even personal trading schemes (PTS) are being developed, modeled on the ETS system.

The calculation of the carbon footprint is performed using various standards and protocols that are continuously updated. It is expressed in carbon dioxide equivalents, which means that it includes emissions of other greenhouse gases such as methane, nitrous oxide, etc.

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Energetska učinkovitost i klimatske promjene
Procjena cjeloživotnog ciklusa proizvoda i usluga

Life-cycle assessment (LCA)

Life-cycle assessment (LCA) is an analysis of the impact of a product or service on the environment, from the extraction of raw materials, production, distribution, use of the product to waste disposal / recycling. The Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) quantifies the inputs and outputs of energy and substances associated with the product, services or processes that are the subject of analysis, “upstream” and “downstream” of the production system itself. The environmental impacts assessed are mainly related to air, water and soil impacts.

In principle, life cycle assessment enables product development and improvement, strategic planning and marketing. It has its application for both development and production companies, as well as for the public sector. Although the LCA should be seen as one of the decision-making tools, it can serve manufacturing companies in determining the most significant environmental impacts throughout the product life cycle, provide guidance for implementing product improvement and production projects as well as compare environmental impacts of different products and production processes. In the public sector domain, it is an important tool for defining environmental policies.

Our experts have participated in the evaluations of several development projects on this and similar topics, and we will be happy to share some of the most interesting facts with you.

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The basic structure of a life cycle assessment involves setting a goal and scope, inventory analysis, environmental impact assessment, and finally interpretation. Determining the scope (production system, functional unit, system boundaries) is very important and all results should be viewed accordingly. Significant effort in conducting LCA analysis is devoted to research and the collection of relevant data. Thus, for example, primary data from the production process must be collected for the production process, while in the domain of environmentally related data, which can be “upstream” and “downstream” from the production process itself, mostly secondary sources are used (eg special LCA databases).

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Climate Friend companies and organizations - professional and advisory support to climate sustainable business

Sustainable business today is not a privilege but a priority of every company, local government unit, as well as every other business organization. One of the main backbones of sustainable business is in the domain of climate change, and the brand and image of “Climate Friend” in the business environment and in customer relations already has added value in the market.

Our expert team provides advisory support in the process of achieving and improving climate sustainable business. We offer our clients the service of creating a Climate Friend Strategy for a company or public organization, which includes defining business policies, organizational processes, calculating Carbon Footprint and applying the circular economy, controlling, strengthening the brand and market image and other services in this area.

We monitor our clients through all stages of development, from the analysis of the current situation, designing climate sustainable projects and processes within the company or organization, finding appropriate sources of funding, preparation and application of projects to EU and national funds, and climate implementation services.

Our multidisciplinarity allows us to advise clients from the aspect of integrative planning, and we will be happy to share some of the most interesting facts with you. For more information, feel free to contact us at info@klimatskepromjene.hr

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kruzno-gospodarstvo

Circular Economy

Unlike the linear economy model as a process that involves the extraction of natural resources, their processing, shaping into final or semi-finished products, distribution and use, as well as final disposal, the circular economy is a system built on reuse and recycling. The basic philosophy of this model is that WASTE DOES NOT EXIST AND THAT EVERYTHING CAN BE REUSED IN ANOTHER WAY or broken down into substances that can become part of the life cycle. The power is in diversity and adaptability, and all energy should come from renewable sources.

The implementation of a circular economy helps to reduce the amount of waste, increase the productivity of resources, present waste as a valuable product, improve the recycling of valuable materials and minimize the impact of production and consumption on the environment.

The extent to which the circular economy will play an important role in the economy of the future is shown by the fact that it is estimated that in the next 10 years the European Union will create as many as two million new jobs. The focus is on waste management (converting waste into a new resource), the sharing economy and increasing the efficiency of existing resources.

Given the above, the circular economy is the only correct response of cities and municipalities to the growing need of the European Union to reduce the amount of landfilled waste, which, unfortunately, in the Republic of Croatia is currently the most important form of waste management.

Our experts have participated in the preparation of GREEN DEAL project applications on this and similar topics and participate in the implementation of projects conducted internationally with a large number of international partners such as the In-No-Plastic project (HORIZON2020). You can read more about the project at: https://www.innoplastic.eu/

For more information, feel free to contact us at info@klimatskepromjene.hr

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Our expert team provides advisory support in the process of achieving and improving climate-sustainable business. We offer our clients the service of creating a Climate Friend Strategy for a company or public organization, which includes defining business policies, organizational processes, calculating Carbon Footprint and applying the circular economy, controlling, strengthening the brand and market image and other services in this area.